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  • Writer's pictureMario Teng



So much of who we are is where we have been. History may not seem all that important in this modern world but as we venture into a future unknown, it influences us individually in ways we cannot always conceive.

In The Story of Singapore, we will discover the rich tapestry of our Singaporean heritage, from backwater kingdom to economic miracle.



• Abshire, J. E. (2011). The History of Singapore. Greenwood.

• Bastin, J. (1990). Sir Stamford Raffles and the Study of Natural History in Penang, Singapore and Indonesia. Journal of the Malaysian Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, 63(2 (259)), 1-25.

• Birch, W. G. (Trans.). (1880). The Commentaries of the Great Afonso Dalboquerque, Second Viceroy of India (Vol. 3). The Hakluyt Society. (Original work published in 1774).

• Boxer, C. R. (1988). The Dutch Seaborne Empire, 1600-1800. Penguin Books.

• Boxer, C. R. (1974). The Anglo-Dutch Wars of the 17th Century, 1652-1674. Her Majesty's Stationery Office.

• Brian, G. (1990). The East India Company: A History. Dorset Press.

• Brown, C. C. (1952). The Malay Annals. Journal of the Malayan Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, 25 (2/3 (159)), 5-276.

• Busk, M. M. (1833). The History of Spain and Portugal from B.C. 1000 to A.D. 1814. Baldwin and Cradock.

• Coedès, G. (1975). The Indianized States of Southeast Asia (W. F. Vella, Ed., S. B. Cowing, Trans.). Australian National University Press. (Original work published ca. 1964-68).

• Cornelius, V. (n.d.). Family of Sir Stamford Raffles. National Library Board. Retrieved May 1, 2023, from

• Cornelius, V., & Tan, J. H. S. (n.d.). William Farquhar. National Library Board. Retrieved October 20, 2022, from

• Cortesão, A. (Ed.). (2005). The Suma Oriental of Tome Pires and the Book of Franciso Rodrigues (Vol. 2). Asian Educational Services. (Original work published in ca. 1512-15).

• Cox, M. P., Nelson, M. G., Tumonggor, M. K., Ricaut, F.-X., & Sudoyo, H. (2012). A small cohort of Island Southeast Asian women founded Madagascar. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 279(1739), 2761-2768.

• Dalrymple, W. (2020). The Anarchy: The Relentless Rise of the East India Company. Bloomsbury Publishing.

• Fregosi, P. (1989). Dreams of Empire: Napoleon and the First World War, 1792-1815. Hutchinson.

• Hao, Z. (2011). Macau History and Society. Hong Kong University Press.

• Heng, D. (2020, July 1). Sang Nila Utama: Separating Myth from Reality. BiblioAsia.

• Hsü, Y.-T. (1972). Singapore in the Remote Past. Journal of the Malaysian Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, 45(1 (221)), 1-9.

• Ibrahim, F. (n.d.). Sejarah Melayu (Malay Annals). National Library Board. Retrieved August 10, 2022, from

• Johan, K. (1999). The Undang-Undang Melaka: Reflections on Malay society in fifteenth-century Malacca. Journal of Malaysian Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, 72(2), 131-150.

• Johnston, D. M. (2008). The Historical Foundations of World Order: The Tower and the Arena. Maritinus Nijhoff Publishers.

• Kamen, H. (1997). Philip of Spain. Yale University Press.

• Lee, E. S. C. (2008). Singapore: The Unexpected Nation. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies.

• Levinson, N. S. (2001). Magellan and the First Voyage Around the World. Clarion Books.

• Mancall, P. C. (Ed.). (2006). Travel Narratives from the Age of Discovery: An Anthology. Oxford University Press.

• Miksic, J. N. (2013). Singapore & the Silk Road of the Sea, 1300-1800. NUS Press.

• Morison, S. E. (1991). Admiral of the Ocean Sea: A Life of Christopher Columbus. Little, Brown and Company.

• Munoz, P. M. (2006). Early Kingdoms of the Indonesian Archipelago and the Malay Peninsula. Editions Didier Millet.

• National Library Board. (n.d.-a). The Santa Catarina Incident. Retrieved September 18, 2022, from

• National Library Board. (n.d.-b). VOC Blockades of the Singapore and Malacca Straits. Retrieved September 18, 2022, from

• National Library Board. (n.d.-c). The 1603 Naval Battle of Changi. Retrieved September 18, 2022, from

• National Library Board. (n.d.-d). Juan de Silva Arrives in the Singapore Strait. Retrieved September 18, 2022, from

• National Library Board. (n.d.-e). 1819 Singapore Treaty. Retrieved October, 20, 2022, from

• Olson, J. S., & Shadle, R. (1996). Historical Dictionary of the British Empire (Vol. 2). Greenwood Publishing Group.

• Pringle, R. D. (1918). A Brief Life of Sir Stamford Raffles: The Founder of Singapore. Methodist Publishing House.

• Scammell, G. V. (1981). The World Encompassed: The First European Maritime Empires c. 800-1650. University of California Press.

• Schwoerer, L. G. (Ed.). (1992). The Revolution of 1688-89: Changing Perspectives. Cambridge University Press.

• Thulaja, N. R. (n.d.). Chinese coolies. National Library Board. Retrieved December 5, 2022, from

• Turnbull, C. M. (2020). A History of Modern Singapore, 1819-2005. NUS Press.

• Wade, G. (2009). An Early Age of Commerce in Southeast Asia, 900-1300 CE. Journal of Southeast Asian Studies, 40(2), 221-265.

• Wade, G. (n.d.-a). Southeast Asia in the Ming Shi-lu: an open access resource. NUS E-Press. Retrieved August 9, 2022, from

• Wade, G. (n.d.-b). Southeast Asia in the Ming Shi-lu: an open access resource. NUS E-Press. Retrieved August 9, 2022, from

• Wernham, R. B. (1994). The Return of the Armadas: The Last Years of the Elizabethan Wars Against Spain, 1595-1603. Clarendon Press.

• Wright, N. H. (2017). William Farquhar and Singapore: Stepping out from Raffles' Shadow. Entrepot Publishing.

The list above is still being continuously updated.


The theme music of this podcast is composed by Omar Chakor.



The Story of Singapore is a history podcast created by Mario Teng, tracing the historical and political developments of Singapore, from a backwater kingdom in the 1300s to an economic miracle by the turn of the 21st century.

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Much of the early history of Singapore has been lost to time. We begin the story of Singapore from its mythical origins. Strangely enough...

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